Quick tax facts
The 2013 tax rates and dates from Grant Thornton, the firm that brings you fresh tax ideas...
- Resident and non-resident company income tax rate for 2013/14: 28%
- Trustee income is taxed at 33%
- Beneficiary income is taxed at the beneficiary’s marginal tax rate, except for distributions to a minor (under age 16 at the balance date of the trust) over $1,000 per trust, which are taxed at the trustee rate of 33%
Income tax payment dates
*The terminal tax dates apply to taxpayers linked to a tax agent
If you are GST registered on a six monthly basis, you will only have two provisional tax dates. A GST ratio method is also available for certain taxpayers who elect before the beginning of the tax year - under this method, provisional tax is paid as a percentage of GST taxable supplies.
Goods and services tax (GST)
- Standard rate to 30 September 2010: 12.5%
- Standard rate from 1 October 2010: 15%
- Exported goods and services: 0%
- Transactions involving land between
GST registered persons: 0% (from 1 April 2011)
Supplies exempt from GST include: most financial services, residential rental accommodation, wages/salaries and most directors’ fees. The GST return filing and payment due dates are:
- The 28th of the month following the end of the taxable period for those months other than March and November
- 15 January for the taxable period that ends in November
- 7 May for the taxable period that ends in March
If the due date falls on a weekend or public holiday, IRD will accept GST payments and returns on the next business day.
Tax penalties and interest
Tax shortfall penalties
The following penalties may apply to tax shortfalls:
A penalty may be reduced by up to 100% if disclosure is made to IRD before an audit, by 40% if disclosure is made before the first meeting with IRD, or by 75% if the shortfall is temporary. A 50% good behaviour discount may also apply. A penalty may be increased by 25% for obstruction.
Late payment penalties
Initial late payment penalty: 1% of unpaid tax
After 7 days: 4% of unpaid tax<
Monthly incremental penalties: 1% of unpaid tax
Compliant taxpayers will generally be warned prior to the first time any late payment penalty is imposed.
Late filing penalties
Late filing penalties will apply to the following returns:
- Income tax returns (from $50 to $500 depending on income)
- Employer monthly schedules ($250)
- GST returns ($250 invoice/hybrid, $50 payments basis, if filed late after warning for initial breach)
Use of money interest
Use of money interest is generally paid by IRD on overpayments of tax and is charged by IRD on underpayments of tax. The rates (from 8 May 2012) are:
- 8.40% on underpayments of tax (deductible)
- 1.75% on overpayments of tax (assessable)
Fringe benefit tax (FBT)
Employers normally pay FBT if they provide benefits to employees other than salary and wages. Types of benefits:
- Motor vehicles available for private use
- Free, subsidised or discounted goods and services
- Low-interest or interest-free loans
- Employer contributions to sick, accident or death benefit funds, superannuation schemes, and specified insurance policies
Non-attributed basis: 49.25%.
Attributed basis: between 11.73% and 49.25% depending on the net remuneration of the employee (including benefits).
NB: The FBT threshold under which an employer can file an annual return, upon application to IRD, is $500,000 of annual tax deductions (PAYE and employer superannuation contribution tax).
Fringe benefit value of motor vehicles
- Quarterly return: 5% of original cost (GST inclusive) or 9% of the tax written down value of vehicle (GST inclusive) - must apply chosen method for first five years.
- Annual return: 20% of cost (GST inclusive) or 36% of the tax written down value (GST inclusive) - five year rule applies.
Low or interest free loans
The prescribed interest rate from 1 July 2011 is 5.90% pa (reviewed quarterly).
No FBT is payable if the total taxable value of unclassified benefits provided in the quarter to each employee does not exceed $300 ($1,200 per annum if filing on an annual basis); and the total taxable value in the last four quarters, including the current quarter, of all unclassified benefits provided to all employees does not exceed $22,500 ($22,500 per annum if filing on an annual basis).
Types of benefits to which this exemption may apply include subsidised or free goods and services provided to employees.
Depreciation, gift duty and withholding tax
- Depreciation is calculated using IRD approved rates. The additional depreciation loading of 20% on new assets has been removed for assets acquired from 21 May 2010
- For a complete list of depreciation rates go to: www.ird.govt.nz/calculators/keyword/depreciation
- Either the straight line or diminishing value method can be used
- Low value assets (costing $500 or less, GST exclusive) can generally be written off in the year acquired
- From the 2011/12 year, no depreciation can be claimed on buildings with a useful economic life of 50 years or more
- Gift duty was abolished from 1 October 2011
Non-resident withholding tax (NRWT) rates
- The rate of NRWT on interest is zero if the Approved Issuer Levy of 2% has been paid
- The rate of NRWT is 5% if the beneficial owner of the dividends is a company that holds directly at least 10% of the voting power in the payer company
- Generally, the rate of NRWT is 0% if the beneficial owner of the dividends is an Australian company that has owned directly or indirectly at least 80% of the voting power of the payer company for the 12 months prior to the dividend being declared and certain other criteria are met
- Generally, the rate of NRWT is 0% if the beneficial owner of the dividends is a USA company that has owned directly or indirectly at least 80% of the voting power of the payer company for the 12 months prior to the dividend entitlement date and certain other criteria are met
- The rate is 15% if fully imputed dividends are paid
- Not a final tax if paid to associates
The rate of NRWT is 0% on fully imputed dividends paid to a non-resident holding a 10% or more direct voting interest in the payer company.
PAYE deductions, ACC earners’ levy and KiwiSaver
PAYE electronic filing
Employers whose annual PAYE deductions are $100,000 or more must file their Employer Monthly Schedule (IR348) electronically. Employers with fewer than 50 employees may apply for an exemption.
ACC earners’ levy
KiwiSaver – voluntary savings scheme
Employees contribute 3%, 4% or 8% of their gross pay. Members are entitled to:
- a $1,000 “kickstart” contribution
- the Government will contribute up to $10 per week per employee
- compulsory employer contributions are capped at 3%.
Employer contributions are taxed at employee’s marginal tax rate.
As of the first pay period on or after 1 April 2013, the minimum employee contribution increased to 3%.
Donations, motor vehicle reimbursement and thin capitalisation
Donations and housekeeper/childcare rebates
- Individual donors can claim 1/3 of charitable cash donations and voluntary school fees (up to a maximum of their annual net income). Each donation must exceed $5 to qualify
- The housekeeper/childcare tax credit has been removed as of 1 April 2012
- Companies and Maori Authorities can claim an income tax deduction for cash donations made, up to their annual net income
Motor vehicle reimbursement allowances
- IRD approved mileage rate for employees: 77c per km
- Self employed people can also use this rate up to a maximum of 5,000 km of work related travel per year. Alternatively or when in excess of 5,000 km, actual expenses can be reimbursed. An alternative reimbursement rate (eg, AA) is also permitted, which is generally higher than the above
- From the 2011/12 year the safe harbour ratio of interest bearing debt over total assets is 60%
- The 110% worldwide debt threshold and outbound thin capitalisation rules remain unchanged
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